Information for the parents of college students
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What to Say to Your College Student Who Is in Trouble, Dismissed, or on Probation

We’ve written some earlier articles about what to do when your college student is on Academic Probation or is even Academically Dismissed from college.  These are disturbing or sometimes even devastating situations, and knowing what to do next is important.  But equally urgent, and sometimes even more important, may be considering what you say to your student if he finds himself in one of these difficult situations.

Of course, knowing exactly what to say to your student has to do with who your student is, what your relationship with your student is, and why he is in this situation. Chances are good, however, that you will struggle for the right thing to say, the right words.  You may be angry, disappointed, shocked, sad, or just plain overwhelmed.  Being honest with your student may be the simplest and best start.

Remember that your student may also be struggling with what to say to you.  She may have known this was coming, or it may have taken her by surprise.  She may have shared her fears or concerns with you earlier, or she may have been afraid to tell you this was coming.  Remembering that this is happening to all of you, as a family, may help everyone.  Taking time to let the news sink in before sitting down to discuss next steps may be helpful as well.

Every situation is different, and every family dynamic is different.  The reasons your student is in this situation may vary.  Your personality, your student’s personality, and your situation will all be factors.  However, here are a few suggestions to think about even before you speak.  (Read our articles on Academic Dismissal and Academic Probation for more specific suggestions about what to do next.)

  • Wait – and take a breath.  When you first learn that your student has been dismissed or is on probation take at least a moment before you say anything.  You may learn the news from your student, or it may come through mail or e-mail.  Let the news sink in and don’t allow yourself to say anything that you may regret later.
  • Think carefully about your response.  Your student is very likely to be nervous about how you will respond.  He probably didn’t set out to fail.  He didn’t deliberately disappoint you.  He may need your support now more than ever before.  Although you may want to throttle him, there will be time for those serious conversations later.
  • Acknowledge her feelings.  Let your student know that you understand that this is a very difficult situation for her as well as for you.  If you have been paying tuition, your first thought may be of lost tuition dollars, but that isn’t what your student needs to hear right now.  Let her know that you recognize that she must feel at a loss and that it is appropriate to feel that way.
  • Acknowledge your own feelings.  It is fair to let your student know that you are disappointed, sad, angry, whatever it is that you are feeling.  It is reasonable to be honest about your own feelings.  But try to be as controlled as possible.
  • Take some time.  If your feelings are too strong to deal with right now, or if your student is too emotional, suggest that you not discuss the situation right away.  Take an hour or a few hours or a day to let the news settle and for both you and your student to think about what needs to be discussed.
  • Have a meeting.  It may be easier to discuss next steps with your student if you think of it as a business meeting.  Plan a day and time when you will both be able to be free of distractions.  Put away cell phones or other distractions.  Meet at the table prepared to put your heads together to think about what is next.
  • Keep your discussion as objective as possible.  Ask your student to be honest about what happened.  Listen carefully with all of the listening skills that you can muster.  Try to listen more than talk at first.  Don’t respond yet.  Don’t judge.  Get the facts on the table.
  • Do your homework – or, better yet, have your student do some homework.  Find out from the college what this means.  If your student is on probation, what is involved and/or what are the consequences?  If your student has been dismissed, will she be welcomed back later?  What must she do in the meantime?  What would be involved in a transfer?  Study any financial information that is necessary.  Try to come to your meeting with as much information as possible.
  • Be rational.  Emotional venting will not be helpful to your student right now.  Try to remain calm and thoughtful about the reality of the situation and options moving forward.
  • Be clear.  If there are limits to what you will support, be clear about them.  If you have expectations moving forward, spell them out. If your student will be moving home and there will be house rules, negotiate them now.
  • Be positive.  If your student has been dismissed from college, he knows that this is serious.  It is a major detour in the road that he thought he would travel.  Most likely, he is devastated, feels awful, and may have a very negative attitude about himself and/or his abilities.  This wasn’t the plan.  What your student needs from you now is a positive approach.  Don’t minimize the situation, but do focus on moving forward, next steps, and learning from mistakes.  Helping your student feel comfortable talking to you about his mistakes is most important.

If your student hits a major roadblock in his college experience, it impacts the entire family.  You and your student will need to work carefully to plan next steps.  Thinking about what to do is important, but perhaps even more crucial is taking care in the words and messaging that you use.  Although this wasn’t the plan, it can be an opportunity to build strong communication and relationship with your student.

Related Posts:

What to Do If Your College Student is on Academic Probation

What to Do If your Student is Academically Dismissed from College

What FERPA Means for You and Your College Student

Twelve Things You Can Do to Help You Listen to Your College Student

Need to Talk to Your College Student?  Choose Your Time and Place Carefully

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